What is laser hair removal?
Laser hair removal, which is the most permanent method of getting rid of facial and body hair, targets the melanin pigment that gives the hair its colour by using specific lights. The reaction of the laser beam with the melanin pigment creates a heat. This temperature increase damages the hair follicle and prevents hair formation. The colour of the laser beam varies according to the skin and hair colour of the client. This high contrast, especially in people with light skin and dark hair colour, makes the laser beams more effective.
Since people with light skin and light hair colour have a lack of melanin pigment, the laser can be applied, but it cannot be completely effective. In people with dark skin, it is of great importance to check the suitability of the laser procedure by a certified dermatologist and to follow an appropriate treatment plan in order to prevent damage to the skin as well as the hair follicle.
What are the benefits of laser epilation?
When laser epilation is performed in a regular and disciplined manner, it can permanently remove 70-90 per cent of the hair in 5-10 sessions with 1 month between them, depending on the person. After each session, the hairs that grow after each session become thinner, lighter in colour and the interval between their growth periods is considerably widened. This is why laser hair removal stands out as the best hair removal method for people who want to get rid of their hair for the longest possible time. The procedure can be commonly applied to the following areas:
- Bikini area.
- Genital area.
Laser epilation is also effective in preventing and improving ingrown hair, acne, hyperpigmentation and sensitivity problems that can occur with other hair removal methods such as waxing and razor. The laser, which destroys the hair from the root, does not cause any problems on the skin.
Are there any damages of laser epilation?
The most effective solution to minimise the potential damages of laser epilation is to have the procedure performed by certified and recognised dermatologists and clinics. Choosing the right beam wavelength and laser type also prevents potential damage. Although our experience in technology and lasers is getting better and better, laser hair removal, like every medical procedure, has some side effects and damages. The following damages can affect people undergoing laser epilation treatment:
- Increased skin sensitivity to the sun.
- Hyperpigmentation as a result of sun exposure.
- Small burns in the laser applied area.
Laser epilation can also cause mild pain and discomfort. The laser shots, whose pain is similar to hitting the skin one after the other with a rubber band, continue for an average of 20 minutes. Depending on the clinic and the type of laser, numbing cream, cold air exposure or even topical anaesthesia can be used to alleviate the pain.
What should be done before laser epilation?
The first step in starting laser epilation is consultation. After the skin tone, hair colour, density and the area of complaint are analysed by the specialist, if the client is suitable for laser, the first appointment is made.
The laser is applied when the hairs are neither too long nor too short, 1-2 mm above the skin. The skin must be clean and no peeling agents, especially chemical agents, must not have been applied for at least 15 days before the procedure. In addition, it is important that the skin should not be tanned either by lotions or the sun. For this reason, laser cannot be applied in summer for many areas.
How should the care be after laser epilation?
- Since the treated area is red and sensitive after laser epilation, it is important to avoid very hot showers, pools and seas, saunas, and not to do vigorous exercises for 48 hours. During this period, sensitivity can be alleviated with plant-based oils, odourless and hypoallergenic moisturising creams and even a cream containing some hydrocortisone.
- Depending on the treated area, chemical-containing deodorants, perfumes, make-up materials, cosmetics containing harsh active ingredients are not applied for 1 week.
- After about 5 days-1 week, the laser treated area is started to be purified with a physical peeling tool – the best option is a hammam sac and shower fibre. This peeling application facilitates the shedding of the hairs that grow on the skin and whose life is over with the laser.
- It is very important to protect the laser area from direct sunlight exposure for at least 2-4 weeks.
- In order not to affect the process badly in the area where laser epilation is performed, all hair removal methods such as waxing should be left. The hairs that grow in this process can only be removed with the help of razor and depilatory cream depending on the region.